Feb 14, 2020 in Research

Science and Technology

The disciplines of science and technology remain some of the most fundamental concepts in the past and present generation. In fact, they account for the daily evolution that occurs worldwide. Every part of the world, every characterization of an activity, every field in the market has a scientific explanation or a technological knowhow. Science refers to the systematic way of obtaining knowledge via experimentation and observation whereas technology is the practical application of science to design products which enhance the quality of human life. These two aspects entail humanity's understanding of the natural world and the ability to manipulate it. Primarily, it involves numerous disciplines related to economic, political and cultural effects of scientific innovation. Even though early humans and their ancestors seemed to have understood a majority of nurtured skills and natural laws which they used in making tools, none was considered by observers a scientist. Most people cured illnesses, worked out mathematical rules, generated new materials and built great structures. Nonetheless, this was never termed as either science or technology because their successes were mostly based on a collection of skills. With time, there was a more public understanding in the world as science and technology played a critical role built on the works of diverse individuals. Science and Technology are interrelated disciplines that have been used both in the past and present centuries for advanced of knowledge and enhancement of processes.

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Science and technology are very much related to each as they play almost the same significant role. Nonetheless, a difference tends to exist between them as they work out differently from each other. Science mostly involves obtaining skills and knowledge regarding a given field of study. According to one of the leading website in scientific education known as Science Made Simple, science assists in acquiring knowledge through numerous organized systems of experimentation and observation. On the other hand, technology refers to the tools, processes and products used to achieve a variety of tasks in life, conferring to the use of technology, then it can be termed as the application of science to solve a problem. As such, technology tends to deal more with the application of applied sciences and engineering to solve numerous practical problems related to the day-to-day human life. Besides, the technology relies more on the ability of human knowledge to generate artifacts and products through the help of a variety of system, tools, and materials among others. It can be used for manufacturing, communication, securing data, transportation and learning to mean it is a consequence of science and engineering even as a human activity, it tends to precede the other two fields. Further, the goal of science is often to pursue knowledge whereas technology works towards creating systems to meet the needs of numerous individuals. It implies that science can effortlessly elaborate something where technology will lean more on the developing use of a particular thing. Lastly, science focuses more on generalization, analysis and creation of theories since it is controlled by experimentation whereas technology focuses more on synthesis. It also entails analysis of design and entails invention and production.

Further, science and technology tend to relate in many different ways. Scientific awareness and practices often work as a basis for input in the expansion of hi-tech outcomes and practices. It implies that science can be used to elaborate the reason as to why certain technological interventions were either successful or not. For this reason, science simply provides influential explanations for the reason as to why given technological interventions are working or not. Nonetheless, even as these interventions depends more on the basic understanding of the world, they offer fractional justification regarding various hi-tech outcomes and practices. Subsequently, they can be used to present mechanisms for science to acquire a superior perspective of its distinct realm. At some point, it might pose serious challenges when it comes to the definition of the world. For instance, the advancement of hi-tech artifacts that shows individual competencies including microscope or telescope may be difficult for science to elaborate. Even though the association between science and technology is multifaceted, it is more interactive and can be related to numerous fields. Technology does not just entail things, but it is embodied with an amount of universal comprehension that makes it similar to science; rather, it is the understanding that tends to relate particular artifact that distinguishes it from fundamental scientific conception. Therefore, science and technology represent the successive universe of the activities that seem to be highly dependent yet are distinct from one another. For this reason, the relationship between technology and science can be better thought as an analogous cumulative knowledge that has a variety of cross-relations and interdependencies even though their internal connections tend to be stronger compared to that of cross-connection.

Science has been basis of technology in numerous ways. First, science has been used a source of engineering techniques and design. Although the process of developing knowledge is different from the process of design, they are intimately related. Theoretic estimate, simulation, and modeling of giant systems are habitually conveyed by an empirical system and measurement of components and subsystems. Notably, this has increasingly been replaced by a full-scale empirical examination of comprehensive structures which require analytical methods and design tools. Basically, this is needed to anticipate failure modes more so under extreme though conceivable conditions of service of multifaceted technological schemes. Second, science has been used in the development of human skills. That is, it has imparted research skills to the majority of graduate scholars, as well as, other advanced trainees. They use the expertise and knowledge to help them tackle some of the technological problems which they may, later on, face in life. Remarkably, this is important based on the notion that critical study finds applications in production and other practical disciplines including medicine and industrial operations.

Subsequently, technology has influences science in many dimensions. First, technology has been a source of new scientific challenges. That is, the majority of problems that arise in industrial development tend to be a rich source of challenging fundamental glitches selected with the technological problem in mind. Nonetheless, it is usually pursued based on basic research that is past the immediate necessities of the innovative hi-tech application which might have inspired them. With no doubt, this procedure has been productive in diverse disciplines of abridged matter physics and material science. In fact, material science was created specifically to understand the substance dealings and properties which seemed to be important for the enhancement of performance and quality of semiconductor services. Second, technology helps in composition and dimension methods. That is, it has played a substantial part to make it possible for natural phenomena to be measured unlike before. One example is the use of space technology to make a much significant range of electromagnetic spectrum that is often accessible to measurement compared to before.

Science and technology became more associated with each other during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The reason is that this period contributed significantly to the practical and theoretical applications of both science and technology. It resulted in a significant and global influence of human beings and the society as a whole. Similarly, it was during this period that a range of critical inventions and discoveries seemed to be prevalent. According to Forman, the vast majority of achievements of science and technology falls within the past one hundred and fifty years of development of humanity. There was often a significant contribution to the development of industrial society as each scientific and technological success meant that there were further advances in knowledge. For instance, in the second half of the 1960s, new colleges were established in Britain, with no initial accreditation. Later on after a decade, the level enhanced, and there was a stronger generation of specialists. Notably, this happened because science and technology acquired a significant speed in development during the 19th and 20th century. Nuclear power weapons took the centre stage and were at the forefront during this time. Fritz Strassman and Otto Hahn in 1938 discerned it and the Germans made use of it in order to control the World War II.

In summation, science and technology are closely related terms even though they have distinct differences. Science entails more of acquiring knowledge through several organized systems of experimentation and observation whereas technology tends to deal more with the application of applied sciences and engineering to solve numerous practical problems related to the day-to-day human life. Notably, they have a relationship with each as each tends to affect the other as they are used in different dimensions. They were closely associated during the nineteenth and twentieth century because it was during this time that most sciences such as nuclear weapons were at the forefront. Moreover, the future of the two disciplines remains apparent. The world hinges on the understanding of their principles.


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