Psychology Behind Hamlet Essay
In the tragedy "Hamlet" written in 1601 by William Shakespeare presented the story of medieval legends prince with the greatest depth of the tragedy of humanity reflected in the contemporary world. Hamlet, Prince of Danish, is a beautiful image of a humanist, who ran the world, hostile to humankind.
The tragedy of Hamlet based on putting himself out of reach goals and any means to achieve seems fair. Story varies between action and reflection, and the chief hero afraid to commit wrong before he understood the mechanisms that underlie the universe. But he doesn’t understand that is it impossible to understand them.
Oedipus Complex in Hamlet
In developing the doctrine of neurosis, Freud came to the conclusion that there are strong sexual themes in their etymology. When applying for confirmation of his hypothesis to mythological subjects, artistic and literary monuments of history, Freud pays peculiar attention to the ancient Greek myth of Oedipus (Freud & Strachey 24). Oedipus complex, as one of fundamental at Freud’s theory, further defines the specifics of human sexuality, especially his inclinations, oddities, tastes, and habits (Critchley & Webster 108). Preformation of this complex lies at the basis of neurosis and neurotic reactions in man. In adult life Oedipus complex is displaced into the unconscious, is universal for men and defines many aspects of their sexuality and neuroticism (Galati 45).
On the same basis as the Oedipus myth story based the greatest tragedy of Hamlet (Prystowsky 10). But all the difference in the mental life of both Oedipus and Hamlet hero remote them from each other cultural periods (Russell 19). It is a whole century of progress in the process of repression of psychic life of mankind. The tragedy of Hamlet has in common with the kind of endearing effect of modern dramas, namely, the character of the hero is completely unclear (Prystowsky 18). Drama based on the fact that Hamlet hesitates to implement that fell on them the task of revenge. It is a the basic of Hamlet’s vibration or motives. He in the regard to the text does not say anything, and numerous attempts to interpret the drama were given very little in this regard. According to the prevailing interpretation of Goethe, Hamlet represents the type of man, who’s life energy paralyzes exaggerated development of thinking ("Bring a painful condition pallor of thought") (Shakespeare 18). According to other views. Shakespeare tried to portray weak, indecisive character, prone to neurasthenia. The story of the dramatical piece displays us, however, that Hamlet is not shiftless. Twice we see his actions: the first time he stabs of aberration in an unexpected eavesdropping Polonius behind the curtain in the other times intentionally, insidiously even sends to the death of two courtiers. What prevents him to carry out the task, suggestion his father's ghost? Here again comes to mind is that this problem is a very distinct kind. Hamlet is capable of anything, just not at the place of the person who removed his father and took his place with the mother, the person to embody for him exercise his repressed childhood desires. Hatred, which was supposed to induce him to revenge, he is replaced by self-reproach, and even remorse, who tell him that he, literally, no better than a criminal, he must punish. That translates into the sphere of consciousness that lies dormant in the unconscious mind of the hero; if anyone would call Hamlet a hysteric, he deems him a withdrawal from personal interpretation. Sexual disgust which Hamlet conveys in conversation with Ophelia, plays a crucial role. From a book on Shakespeare by Georg Brandes (1896), we know that this tragedy was written shortly after the death of his father (1601), that is under the influence of fresh grief and resurrection of children's feelings toward him. It is also known that Shakespeare son Gamnet (identical with the name of Hamlet) died soon. So, autobiographical factors had great influence on drama piece creation. Oedipus complex of Hamlet may represent such disease of author, because of his personal biographical drama story.
Hamlet and the Theory of Superego
The basis of the theory of the superego is Freud’s believe that when the boy sees his father obstacle to the realization of their Oedipal desires, he has a hatred for him and the need to displace these desires. To save his father's love, the boy identified with him, and thanks to this identification of the superego becomes prohibiting commanding and punishing nature of the father.
Becoming with this expression of the relationship to the parent, the child's superego to the ego directs all the unrealized hostility he experienced or could experience in relation to the father, and the boy refers to himself as to his imaginary father would have reacted (Britton 11).
For Hamlet world of human emotions, feelings and emotions is not only the scope of his interests and observations, it is primarily his “workshop” and “laboratory”. Here he creates and explores.
Hamlet believe that he was born to explore souls, see the source of her pain and suffering, to show the depth of feelings, understand the reasons for its ethical behavior in all their imaginary contradiction.
Create oppressive tense situation for Hamlet is so natural that it can do, while almost any mood in good and in bad; and boredom, and nothing to do. Very slightly over and he suddenly appeared from somewhere and metallic tone in his voice and harsh tone, diction and chased and heavy gaze and sustained pause (during which he is considering continuing his “monologue”).
Around each person Hamlet creates a kind of emotional right, in its sole discretion that “charges” is positive, then negative, constantly commenting on the moral qualities of man, not as his personal experiences as well as some general already have an idea in which he personally and would be happy to doubt (Prystowsky 13).
Since it is touted in the form of subtle hints and accompanied by expressive gestures, one immediately feels intrigued and unwittingly falls under the strongest emotional impact, becoming obedient puppet by pulling the rope, this would seem a friendly source.
Rather it is difficult to recover in time and get out of this "fascinating" effect playing Hamlet immediately following image is a disappointment and regret that man is embarrassed by his "tactless" behavior and seemingly nothing else to do but to voluntarily undergo its pressure.
Subconsciously Hamlet uses every opportunity to find a relevant objects of emotional impact, the ideal of course is person, who most need to communicate in a style and character of Hamlet (Britton 34).
The most annoying Hamlet's lack of interest in his "theater" deliberate unwillingness to stand in his play “actor” or even “spectator”. Impenetrable indifference and indifference to his ethical game is the only thing to what Hamlet is powerless, and this is precisely what he fears most (Britton 41).
Any of this type, regardless of age and occupation has its great facial expressions, voice intonation and because of this quality does with his companion whatever they want to give him the information he needs most. Worth it just to want, and it relaxes a person is on its openness and gives it all he wants. Sometimes, however, literally binds his companion fear and tension, completely subordinates his will, forcing myself to trust completely.
Hamlet is a director of human emotions. Emotional “direction” of Hamlet always given only on the basis of his interests, his calculations, his fears, his suspicions and assumptions.
No matter where scale develops its activity representative of this type of policy he or ordinary employee, he has mastered the entire arsenal of effects needed to form a “correct” public opinion. He intends to set a course of action around its people with this opinion. Creating a formal or informal grouping within the existing system, identifying the formal or informal leader bias current leader, moving hierarchical layers in the system, the output from the system of people who are an obstacle in its balance of power is a scope of Hamlet’s ongoing activities, regardless of age, occupation and place occupied in the system.
The balance of power in a hierarchical system is the main area of its ethical and business interests and most important sphere of its activities (Britton 29). Hamlet is essential not only to identify existing informal leader, but also potential. And on this form future balance of power in their relationship existing social structure. That is why any of the representatives of this type is important to know that “thinking” in this or that person.
Especially alarming Hamlet interest and internally independent people who put themselves out career out of gossip, of “interest groups”, of “public opinion”. These people are particularly difficult to understand, and that is why they seem to Hamlet particularly suspicious. As soon drive, it feels like already on the stand, it is not simply says, and “delivers a speech”. Expose, denounce, “tag” to point fingers is not only a form of its expression, but also a way to create public mood, opinion formers. And on a larger scale, it is a way of “doing politics”, “make history”.
Initiate any undertaking, bring it to new people, organize them, to lead, these ractors deal Hamlet very happy. And for this he does not have to be a politician rather just “get into the stream”, guess “correct” direction, grab “correct” initiative (Britton 38).
It should be noted that in its public initiative Hamlet very visionary and prudent if something started - it is no accident, it is far from sight, with the expectation, it is not just the goodness of soul. The fact that Hamlet makes only the goodness of heart, he does not advertise: do you know how to treat others this? What if through these “blessings” he ever will be in trouble.
Leadership of Hamlet also contributes to the fact that he was as born talented actor and this is his most valuable quality. He's an actor and a life is his theater (and in the history and politics). When Hamlet takes the stage, the audience and crying, and laughing with him. When Hamlet “comes to politics”, such that laugh there is less and less. Many members of this type are the most prominent actors, directors, poets and musicians of his time. While Hamlet is in the audience, his inexhaustible inspiration.
Grand master of the tragedy William Shakespeare has created a work of genius, which captures all the mistakes and achievements of an era that ended in disappointment, but the disappointment did not touch the very essence of the high Renaissance discoveries. These findings are stored, transmitted culture of future generations, getting it eternal values and ideas of eternal image. Forever, because today we believe their intrinsic value and humanistic it with them, we always continue to match our judgments about the world and man.